Teaching at the Rocca al Mare School (RaM School) is based on the RaM School curriculum. The RaM School curriculum is based on the Estonian national curriculum. The whole teaching and educational system of the school is organised and based on the curriculum.
The following terminology is used in the RaM School curriculum:
* Lesson is generally a 45-minute teaching unit, during which teaching is performed through various activities.
* School day consists of lessons. The number and sequence of the lessons depends on the timetable.
* School week consists of five school days. The maximum number of lessons per week is stipulated by the Estonian national curriculum for basic and secondary education.
* School term is a teaching unit in between the school holidays.
* School year is divided into five periods, each period lasting for 35 school days. The period in form 7 – 12 consists of 30 academic school days and five days for doing preliminary exams (prelims).
* The subjects are divided into courses. The course is the scope of a subject within one year. Each course consists of 35-lesson modules. In each period there is only one module of a respective subject.
* Module is a unit of scope within a period. (For instance the 7th-form course of mathematics contains five modules.)
* The last five days of each period from form 7 to 12 there is a prelim week. During this week conclusions of the progress within the period are made and the period-grade is received.
* School year lasts from 1st September to 31st August, and consists of 185 school days (37 weeks), of which 175 days (35 weeks) account for the academic teaching and 10 days (2 weeks) for practical training, study tours and other extracurricular activities.
* Syllabus is a document containing information of the content of the respective subject, teaching material and grading criteria. The syllabus is prepared by the teacher of the subject.